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            英語資訊
            News

            The history of Winter Olympics(通訊員稿)

            Source:     2008-05-08  我要投稿   論壇   Favorite  
            由于花樣滑冰運動在英國的盛行,1908年倫敦奧運會首次將其列入比賽項目。1920年安特衛普奧運會除花樣滑冰外,還增加了冰球賽,這兩個項目的比賽吸引了成千上萬的冰上運動愛好者,并促使單獨舉辦冬奧會的問題被提上了1921年國際業余田徑聯合會會議議程。1922年國際奧委會巴黎會議上,決定在1924年夏季奧運會前舉辦這類比賽,但避開了“奧運會”字眼,稱為“第八屆奧林匹亞德體育周”。第八屆奧運會東道主是法國,因此,國際奧委會也將這個體育周委托法國承辦,會址定在夏蒙尼。


            Because of its popularity in England, figure skating was on the program for the 1908 Olympic Games in London. When Antwerp, Belgium, hosted the 1920 Olympics after World War II, there was competition in both ice hockey and figure skating.

            Those sports could, of course, be conducted in rinks during the Summer Games. But other winter sports that were becoming popular in Northern Europe and the Alpine regions, such as skiing and bobsledding, obviously had to stay outdoors. After 1920, national governing bodies for such sports in several countries began talking about the possibility of a separate Winter Olympics.

            Prompted by a growing group of snow-sport enthusiasts, the first Olympic Winter Games-initially called International Sports Week-were held at a small Alpine resort in Chamonix , France , in 1924. Figure skating, which first debuted at the Olympic Games in 1908 in London , can be performed on an indoor rink during summer, but other winter sports, such as bobsledding and skiing, required outdoor venues. The 1924 event attracted more than 250 athletes from 16 countries, spurring the International Olympic Committee (IOC) to agree to stage Olympic Winter Games separately from summer competitions.

            In 2006, the Olympic Winter Games included curling, bobsled, figure skating, ice hockey, luge, skeleton, speedskating, skiing and snowboarding. 2,500 world-class athletes-a word derived from the Greek word for "prize-seekers" competed amid snow and ice in front of an estimated 1.5 million spectators. It was the second time Italy hosted the Olympic Winter Games, as it hosted the VII Olympic Winter Games in Cortina d'Ampezzo in 1956, and the third time overall, as Italy also staged the Games of the XVII Olympiad in Rome in 1960. Most recently, the 2002 Olympic Winter Games were held in Salt Lake City , Utah .


            (南開大學通訊員王樂迪 孫偉投稿 中國日報網站  王星編輯)  


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