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            英語資訊
            News

            A brief history of Deaflympics

            Source:     2008-05-08  我要投稿   論壇   Favorite  
            夏奧會、冬奧會和殘奧會可以說是盡人皆知,相比起來,聾奧會的“名聲”也許就沒那么響亮了。然而聾奧會是世界上發展最迅速的體育賽事之一。相對于“殘奧會”來說,聾奧會還是“父輩級”的,自1924年國際聾人體育聯合會首次組織聾人運動會至今,已有80多年的歷史。第一屆聾人運動會于1924年在巴黎舉辦,現已舉辦了20屆。1949年增加了冬季聾奧會。聾奧會的比賽項目和健全人的比賽項目差不多,如籃球、排球、田徑、體操和游泳等。有區別的是,選手在起跑時不用發令槍,而是用旗子來指揮。除此之外,聽力殘疾的人不能參加射擊、射箭比賽。

            In the years prior to 1924, international sports provided limited opportunities for young Deaf people. Indeed there were very few national federations to provide sporting competitions for the Deaf. Mr. Eugéne Rubens-Alcais, a Deaf Frenchman, worked very hard to encourage six official national federations, then in existence, to accept the idea and to take part in the International Silent Games, a Deaf version of the Olympic Games.

            Deaf sporting leaders assembled at the Cafe de la Porte Doree, 275 Avenue Daumesnil, near the Bois de Vincennes in Paris on the 16th August, 1924. This meeting agreed to establish an organization called the "International Committee of Silent Sports" (CISS) to establish a union between all Deaf sporting federations and to draft statues for this organisation to institute and control the quadrennial Games. This historic meeting heralded the commencement of the Deaflympic Games movement. The first games was held in Paris in 1924, making it the oldest among the disabled sports organizations. It also receives official recognition and patronage from the International Olympic Committee.

            The first Winter Deaflympic Games (formerly named International Winter Silent Games and Winter World Deaf Games) were staged in Seefeld, Austria in 1949.Thirty-three athletes from five nations take part.


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