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            2018年研究生入學統一考試英語(二)真題及答案解析

            Source: 恒星英語學習網    2017-12-24  我要投稿   論壇   Favorite  

            2018年全國碩士研究生入學統一考試英語(二)試題

            Section I Use of English
            Directions:
            Read the following text. Choose the best word (s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1.(10 points)

            Why do people read negative Internet comments and do other things that will obviously be painful? Because humans have an inherent need to 1 uncertainty, according to a recent study in Psychological Science. The new research reveals that the need to know is so strong that people will 2 to satisfy their curiosity even when it is clear the answer will 3 .

            In a series of four experiments, behavioral scientists at the University of Chicago and the Wisconsin School of Business tested students' willingness to 4 themselves to unpleasant stimuli in an effort to satisfy curiosity. For one 5 each participant was shown a pile of pens that the researcher claimed were from a previous experiment. The twist?Half of the pens would 6 an electric shock when clicked.

            Twenty-seven students were told which pens were electrified; another twenty-seven were told only that some were electrified 7 left alone in the room, the students who did not know which ones would shock them clicked more pens and incurred more shocks than the students who knew what would 8 . Subsequent experiments reproduced this effect with other stimuli, 9 the sound of fingernails on a chalkboard and photographs of disgusting insects.
            The drive to 10 is deeply rooted in humans, much the same as the basic drives for 11 or shelter, says Christopher Hsee of the University of Chicago. Curiosity is often considered a good instinct-it can 12 new scientific advances, for instance-but sometimes such 13 can backfire. The insight that curiosity can drive you to do 14 things is a profound one. Unhealthy curiosity is possible to 15 , however. In a final experiment, participants who were encouraged to 16 how they would feel after viewing an unpleasant picture were less likely to 17 to see such an image. These results suggest that imagining the 18 of following through on one's curiosity ahead of time can help determine 19 it is worth the endeavor. Thinking about long-term 20 is key to reducing the possible negative effects of curiosity." Hsee says. In other words, don't read online comments.

            1. A. resolve B. protect C. discuss D. ignore
            2. A. refuse B. wait C. seek D. regret
            3. A. riseB. lastC. misleadD. hurt
            4. A. alert B. tie C. expose D. treat
            5. A. messageB. trialC. reviewD. concept
            6. A. remove B. weakenC. deliverD. interrupt
            7. A. Unless B. If C. ThoughD. When
            8. A. happenB. continueC. disappearD. change
            9. A. rather thanB. such asC. regardless ofD. owing to
            10. A. disagreeB. forgiveC. forgetD. discover
            11. A. payB. marriageC. foodD. schooling
            12. A. begin withB. rest onC. learn fromD. lead to
            13.A. withdrawal B. inquiryC. persistenceD. diligence
            14.A. self-destructiveB. self-reliantC. self-evidentD. self-deceptive
            15.A. resistB. defineC. replaceD. trace
            16.A. predictB. overlookC. designD. conceal
            17. A. rememberB. chooseC. promiseD. pretend
            18. A. reliefB. planC. outcomeD. duty
            19.A. whetherB. whyC. whereD. how
            20. A. limitationsB. investmentsC. strategiesD. consequences

            答案及解析:
            1. A. resolve
            resolve 解決 protect 保護 discuss 討論 ignore忽視
            聯系上下文“the need to know”,顯然是人類有解決未知(resolve uncertainty)的內在需要。
            2. C. seek
            seek to do sth 爭取/設法去做某事 “人們會設法滿足自己的好奇心”
            3. D. hurt
            hurt vi 有壞處,帶來痛苦“即使顯然答案會令人受傷”
            4. C. expose
            expose sb/oneself to sth 使某人/自己暴露在……
            5. B. message
            message 信息 trial實驗 review評論,復習 concept 概念
            Trial與前面experiment對應,后面也是行為實驗中的具體內容。
            6. C. deliver
            remove 消除 weaken 削弱 deliver 傳遞 interrupt 打斷
            動詞辨析 deliver an electric shock 傳遞一陣電擊
            7. D. When
            Unless 除非 If 如果 Though 盡管 When當……時候
            8. A. happen
            happen 發生 continue 持續 disappear 消失 change 改變
            “students who knew what would happen”與前文“students who did not know……”照應
            9. B. such as
            rather than 而不是 such as 例如 regardless of 不管,不顧 owing to 因為
            考察語義邏輯 后面明顯是other stimuli的舉例。
            10. D. discover
            disagree 不同意 forgive 原諒 forget 遺忘 discover 發現
            “人類內心根植著發現的欲望”
            11. C. food
            pay 支付 marriage 婚姻 food 事物 schooling上學
            food and shelter 為常見搭配,吃住是人類最基本的欲望。
            12. D. lead to
            begin with 以…為開始 rest on 依靠,被擱在 learn from 從…上學習 lead to 引起,導致
            13. B. inquiry
            withdrawal 撤出 inquiry 探究,調查 persistence堅持,毅力 diligence勤奮,努力
            14. B. self-reliant
            self-destructive 自我毀滅的 self-reliant 自力更生的
            self-evident 不言而喻的 self-deceptive 自欺的
            15. A. resist
            resist 抵制,忍住 define 定義 replace 代替 trace 追蹤
            根據however轉折,上文說好奇心有時會招致毀滅性后果,此處應該說 “然而,不良的好奇心是可以忍住的”
            16. A. predict
            predict 預測 overlook 忽視 design 設計 conceal 隱藏
            動詞辨析題“實驗鼓勵參與者預測行為后果”
            17. B. choose
            remember 記住 choose 選擇 promise 承諾 pretend 假裝
            考察語義邏輯和動詞辨析“有所預測的參與者不太可能選擇再看那些圖”
            18. C. outcome
            名詞辨析:relief 救濟,減輕 plan 計劃 outcome 結果 duty 職責
            19. A. whether
            Whether 是否
            考察語義邏輯關系 “提前想象后果從而決定是否值得做”
            20. D. consequences
            limitations 局限 investments 投資 strategies 策略 consequences 后果
            名詞辨析“思考長期后果是減少好奇心不利影響的關鍵”,與前文predict the outcome照應

            Section Ⅱ Reading Comprehension
            Part A:
            Directions:
            Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET I. (40 points)

            Text 1
            It is curious that Stephen Koziatek feels almost as though he has to justify his efforts to give his students a better future.

            Mr. Koziatek is part of something pioneering. He is a teacher at a New Hampshire high school where learning is not something of books and tests and mechanical memorization, but practical. When did it become accepted wisdom that students should be able to name the 13th president of the United States but be utterly overwhelmed by a broken bike chain?
            As Koziatek knows, there is learning in just about everything. Nothing is necessarily gained by forcing students to learn geometry at a graffitied desk stuck with generations of discarded chewing gum. They can also learn geometry by assembling a bicycle.

            But he’s also found a kind of insidious prejudice. Working with your hands is seen as almost a mark of inferiority. Schools in the family of vocational education “have that stereotype..that it’s for kids who can’t make it academically,” he says.

            On one hand, that viewpoint is a logical product of America’s evolution. Manufacturing is not the economic engine that it once was. The job security that the US economy once offered to high school graduates has largely evaporated. More education is the new principle. We want more for our kids, and rightfully so.

            But the headlong push into bachelor’s degrees for all -and the subtle devaluing of anything less-misses an important point: That’s not the only thing the American economy needs. Yes, a bachelor’s degree opens more doors. But even now, 54 percent of the jobs in the country are middle-skill jobs, such as construction and high-skill manufacturing. But only 44 percent of workers are adequately trained.

            In other words, at a time when the working class has turned the country on its political head, frustrated that the opportunity that once defined America is vanishing, one obvious solution is staring us in the face. There is a gap in working-class jobs, but the workers who need those jobs most aren’t equipped to do them. Koziatek’s Manchester School of Technology High School is trying to fill that gap.

            Koziatek’s school is a wake-up call. When education becomes one-size-fits-all, it risks overlooking a nation’s diversity of gifts.

            21. A broken bike chain is mentioned to show students’ lack of______.
            A. mechanical memorization
            B. academic training
            C. practical ability
            D. pioneering spirit

            22. There exists the prejudice that vocational education is for kids who______.
            A. are financially disadvantaged
            B. are not academically successful
            C. have a stereotyped mind
            D. have no career motivation

            23. We can infer from Paragraph 5 that high school graduates______.
            A. are entitled to more educational privileges
            B. are reluctant to work in manufacturing
            C. used to have more job opportunities
            D. used to have big financial concerns

            24. The headlong push into bachelor’s degrees for all_____.
            A. helps create a lot of middle-skill jobs
            B. may narrow the gap in working-class jobs
            C. is expected to yield a better-trained workforce
            D. indicates the overvaluing of higher education

            25. The author’s attitude toward Koziatek’s school can be described as_____.
            A. supportive
            B. disappointed
            C. tolerant
            D. cautious

            答案及解析:
            21. 選C. practical ability
            答案在第二段第二句,學校教授的不是書本和死記硬背的內容,而是practical,實際的。因此選C
            22. 選B. are not academically successful
            答案在第四段第二句話和第三句話,a mark of inferiority,自卑的標志和kids who can’t make it academically, 那些在學術上失敗的孩子。
            23. 選C. used to have more job opportunities
            答案在第五段第三句話,“美國經濟過去提供的工作安全感現在消失了。”
            24. 選D. indicates the overvaluing of higher education
            第六段第一句話,“…沒有抓住重點:這并不僅僅是美國經濟唯一需要的東西。”
            25. 選A. supportive
            從文章第二段開頭一句,“…是先鋒人物”,為稱贊句。

            Text 2
            While fossil fuels-coal, oil, gas-still generate roughly 85 percent of the world’s energy supply, it's cleaner than ever that the future belongs to renewable sources such as wind and solar. The move to renewables is picking up momentum around the world:They now account for more than half of new power sources going on line.

            Some growth stems from a commitment by governments and farsighted businesses to fund cleaner energy sources. But increasingly the story is about the plummeting prices of renewables, especially wind and solar. The cost of solar panels has dropped by 80 percent and the cost of wind turbines by close to one-third in the past eight years.

            In many parts of the world renewable energy is already a principal energy source. In Scotland, for example, wind turbines provide enough electricity to power 95 percent of homes. While the rest of the world takes the lead, notably China and Europe, the United States is also seeing a remarkable shift. In March, for the first time, wind and solar power accounted for more than 10 percent of the power generated in the US, reported the US Energy Information Administration.

            President Trump has underlined fossil fuels – especially coal – as the path to economic growth. In a recent speech in Iowa, he dismissed wind power as an unreliable energy source. But that message did not play well with many in Iowa, where wind turbines dot the fields and provide 36 percent of the state’s electricity generation—and where tech giants such as Facebook, Microsoft, and Google are being attracted by the availability of clean energy to power their data centers.

            The question “what happens when the wind doesn’t blow or the sun doesn’t shine?” has provided a quick put-down for skeptics. But a boost in the storage capacity of batteries is making their ability to keep power flowing around the clock more likely.

            The advance is driven in part by vehicle manufacturers, who are placing big bets on battery-powered electric vehicles. Although electric cars are still a rarity on roads now, this massive investment could change the picture rapidly in coming years.

            While there’s a long way to go, the train lines for renewables are spiking. The pace of change in energy sources appears to be speeding up—perhaps just in time to have a meaningful effect in slowing climate change , what Washington does, or doesn't do—to promote alternative energy may mean less and less at a time of a global shift in thought.

            26. The word “plummeting” (Line 3, Para. 2) is closest in meaning to ________.
            A. stabilizing
            B. changing
            C. falling
            D. rising

            27. According to Paragraph 3, the use of renewable energy in America ________.
            A. is progressing notably
            B. is as extensive as in Europe
            C. faces many challenges
            D. has proved to be impractical

            28. It can be learned that in Iowa, ________.
            A. wind is a widely used energy source
            B. wind energy has replaced fossil fuels
            C. tech giants are investing in clean energy
            D. there is a shortage of clean energy supply

            29. Which of the following is true about clean energy according to paragraphs 5&6?
            A. Its application has boosted battery storage.
            B. It is commonly used in car manufacturing.
            C. Its continuous supply is becoming a reality.
            D. Its sustainable exploitation will remain difficult.

            30. It can be inferred from the last paragraph that renewable energy ________.
            A. will bring the US closer to other countries.
            B. will accelerate global environmental change.
            C. is not really encouraged by the US government.
            D. is not competitive enough with regard to its cost.

            答案及解析:
            26. 選C. falling
            定位到文章的第二段,根據最后一句知道價格是在下降,所以對應的是falling。
            27. 選A. is progressing notably
            定位到第二段的倒數一二兩句,雖然世界其他地方處于領先位置,特別是中國和歐洲,美國見證了一個顯著的轉變。三月,風能和太陽能首次占比超過了美國所產能源的10%?芍绹侨〉昧孙@著的進步。
            28. 選A. wind is a widely used energy source
            定位到第四段最后一句, 根據 where wind turbines dot the fields and provide 36 percent of the state’s electricity generation可知,風能在Iowa應用廣泛。
            29. 選C. Its continuous supply is becoming a reality
            第五段中But后面提到電池儲存容量的增加使得能量流動變得更加可能,第六段的最后一句可知,雖然電動汽車現在在路上很少見,但是這種大量的投資在接下來的幾年中可以很快改變這種情況。
            30. 選C. is not really encouraged by the US government
            根據題干renewable energy可以定位到出題點在最后一句話,且句中Washington可完美替換選項C中US government,所以選擇C。

            Text 3
            The power and ambition of the giants of the digital economy is astonishing-Amazon has just announced the purchase of the upmarket grocery chain Whole Foods for $13.5bn, but two years ago Facebook paid even more than that to acquire the WhatsApp messaging service, which doesn't have any physical product at all. What WhatsApp offered Facebook was an intricate and finely detailed web of its users’ friendships and social lives.

            Facebook promised the European commission then that it would not link phone numbers to Facebook identities, but it broke the promise almost as soon as the deal went through. Even without knowing what was in the messages, the knowledge of who sent them and to whom was enormously revealing and still could be. What political journalist, what party whip, would not want to know the makeup of the WhatsApp groups in which Theresa May's enemies are currently plotting? It may be that the value of Whole Foods to Amazon is not so much the 460 shops it owns, but the records of which customers have purchased what.

            Competition law appears to be the only way to address these imbalances of power. But it is clumsy. For one thing, it is very slow compared to the pace of change within the digital economy. By the time a problem has been addressed and remedied it may have vanished in the marketplace, to be replaced by new abuses of power. But there is a deeper conceptual problem, too. Competition law as presently interpreted deals with financial disadvantage to consumers and this is not obvious when the users of these services don't pay for them. The users of their services are not their customers. That would be the people who buy advertising from them—and Facebook and Google, the two virtual giants, dominate digital advertising to the disadvantage of all other media and entertainment companies.

            The product they're selling is data, and we, the users, convert our lives to data for the benefit of the digital giants. Just as some ants farm the bugs called aphids for the honeydew that produce when they feed, so Google farms us for the data that our digital lives yield. Ants keep predatory insects away from where their aphids feed; Gmail keeps the spammers out of our inboxes. It doesn’t feel like a human or democratic relationship, even if both sides benefit.

            31. According to Paragraph 1, Facebook acquired WhatsApp for its _______.
            A. digital products
            B. user information
            C. physical assets
            D. quality service

            32. Linking phone numbers to Facebook identities may _______.
            A. worsen political disputes
            B. mess up customer records
            C. pose a risk to Facebook users
            D. mislead the European commission

            33. According to the author, competition law _______.
            A. should serve the new market powers
            B. may worsen the economic imbalance
            C. should not provide just one legal solution
            D. cannot keep pace with the changing market

            34. The White House claims that its power of enforcement ________.
            A. they are not defined as customers
            B. they are not financially reliable
            C. the services are generally digital
            D. the services are paid for by advertisers

            35. The ants analogy is used to illustrate _______.
            A. a win-win business model between digital giants
            B. a typical competition pattern among digital giants
            C. the benefits provided for digital giants' customers
            D. the relationship between digital giants and their users

            答案及解析:
            31. 選B. user information
            定位到第一段的最后一句,可知WhatsApp是提供的的用戶的信息。
            32. 選C. pose a risk to Facebook users
            定位到Even without knowing that was in the messages, the knowledge of who sent them and to whom was enormously revealing and still could be. 33.
            33. 選D. cannot keep pace with the changing market
            定位到第三段的第三句可知:比起變化的節奏,競爭法的進步則非常地緩慢。
            34. 選D. the services are paid for by advertisers
            定位到文章的第三段五到八句,可知主要是因為廣告商在對服務付款。
            35. 選D. the relationship between digital giants and their users
            由just as可知,是為了證明例子前的論點,可以定位到最后一段的第一句。

            Text 4
            To combat the trap of putting a premium on being busy, Cal Newport, author of Deep Work: Rules for Focused Success in a Distracted World, recommends building a habit of “deep work” - the ability to focus without distraction.

            There are a number of approaches to mastering the art of deep work - be it lengthy retreats dedicated to a specific task; developing a daily ritual; or taking a “journalistic” approach to seizing moments of deep work when you can throughout the day. Whichever approach, the key is to determine your length of focus time and stick to it.

            Newport also recommends “deep scheduling” to combat constant interruptions and get more done in less time. “At any given point, I should have deep work scheduled for roughly the next month. Once on the calendar, I protect this time like I would a doctor’s appointment or important meeting,” he writes.

            Another approach to getting more done in less time is to rethink how you prioritise your day-in particular how we craft our to-do lists. Tim Harford, author of Messy: The Power of Disorder to Transform Our Lives, points to a study in the early 1980s that divided undergraduates into two groups: some were advised to set out monthly goals and study activities; others were told to plan activities and goals in much more detail, day by day.

            While the researchers assumed that the well-structured daily plans would be most effective when it came to the execution of tasks, they were wrong: the detailed daily plans demotivated students. Harford argues that inevitable distractions often render the daily to-do list ineffective, while leaving room for improvisation in such a list can reap the best results.

            In order to make the most of our focus and energy, we also need to embrace downtime, or as Newport suggests, “be lazy.”

            “Idleness is not just a vacation, an indulgence or a vice; it is as indispensable to the brain as vitamin D is to the body...[idleness] is, paradoxically, necessary to getting any work done,” he argues.

            Srini Pillay, an assistant professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School, believes this counterintuitive link between downtime and productivity may be due to the way our brains operate. When our brains switch between being focused and unfocused on a task, they tend to be more efficient.

            “What people don’t realise is that in order to complete these tasks they need to use both the focus and unfocus circuits in their brain,” says Pillay.

            36. The key to mastering the art of deep work is to______
            A. seize every minute to work
            B. list your immediate tasks
            C. make specific daily plans
            D. keep to your focus time

            37. The study in the early 1980s cited by Harford shows that
            A. students are hardly motivated by monthly goals
            B. detailed plans may not be as fruitful as expected
            C. distractions may actually increase efficiency
            D. daily schedules arc indispensable to studying

            38. According to Newport, idleness is __________-
            A. a desirable mental state for busy people
            B. a major contributor to physical health
            C. an effective way to save time and energy
            D. an essential factor in accomplishing any work

            39. Pillay believes that our brain’s shift between being focused and unfocused ______
            A. can bring about greater efficiency
            B. can result in psychological well-being
            C. is driven by task urgency
            D. is aimed at better balance in work

            40. This text is mainly about_____
            A. approaches to getting more done in less time
            B. Ways to relieve the tension of busy life
            C. The key to eliminating distractions
            D. The cause of the lack of focus time

            答案及解析:
            36. 選D. keep to your focus time
            根據題干定位到第二段的最后一句,可知選擇D。
            37. 選B. detailed plans may not be as fruitful as expected
            根據題干定位到第四段的最后一句冒號后面,others were told to plan activities and goals in much more detail, day by day,可知選擇B。
            38. 選D. an essential factor in accomplishing any work
            根據題干可以定位到七段的[idleness] is ,paradoxically, necessary to getting any work done, 可知是選擇D
            39. 選A. can bring about greater efficiency
            根據題干可以定位到第八段When our brains switch between being focused and unfocused on a task, they tend to be more efficient.可知選A.
            40. 選A. approaches to getting more done in less time
            根據全文理解,文章圍繞approach進行寫作,討論在更少的時間做更多的事情的方式,所以選擇A。

            Part B:
            Directions:
            Read the following text and match each of the numbered items in the left column to its corresponding information in the right column. There are two extra choices in the right column. Mark your answers on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)
            A. Just say it
            B. Be present
            C. Pay a unique compliment
            D. Name, places, things
            E. Find the “me too”s
            F. Skip the small talk
            G. Ask for an opinion

            Five ways to make conversation with anyone

            Conversations are links, which means when you have a conversation with a new person a link gets formed and every conversation you have after that moment will strengthen the link.

            You meet new people every day: the grocery worker, the cab driver, new people at work or the security guard at the door. Simply starting a conversation with them will form a link.

            Here are five simple ways that you can make the first move and start a conversation with strangers.

            41.____________

            Suppose you are in a room with someone you don’t know and something within you says “I want to talk with this person”—this is something that mostly happens with all of us. You wanted to say something—the first word—but it just won’t come out. It feels like it is stuck somewhere, I know the feeling and here is my advice: just get it out.

            Just think: that is the worst that could happen? They won’t talk with you? Well, they are not talking with you now!

            I truly believe that once you get that first word out everything else will just flow. So keep it simple: “Hi”,“Hey”or“Hello”—do the best you can to gather all of the enthusiasm and energy you can, put on a big smile and say“Hi”.

            42.____________

            It’s a problem all of us face; you have limited time with the person that you want to talk with and you want to make this talk memorable.

            Honestly, if we got stuck in the rut of “hi”, ”hello”, “how are you?” and ”what’s going on?” you will fail to give the initial jolt to the conversation that can make it so memorable.

            So don’t be afraid to ask more personal questions. Trust me, you’ll be surprised to see how much people are willing to share if you just ask.

            43.____________

            When you meet a person for the first time, make an effort to find the things which you and that person have in common so that you can build the conversation from that point. When you start conversation from there and then move outwards, you’ll find all of a sudden that the conversation becomes a lot easier.

            44.____________

            Imagine you are pouring your heart out to someone and they are just busy on their phone, and if you ask for their attention you get the response “I can multitask”.

            So when someone tries to communicate with you, just be in that communication wholeheartedly. Make eye contact, you can feel the conversation.

            45.____________

            You all came into a conversation where you first met the person, but after some time you may have met again and have forgotten their name. Isn’t that awkward!

            So remember the little details of the people you met or you talked with; perhaps the places they have been to, the place they want to go, the things they like, the thing the hate—whatever you talk about.

            When you remember such thing you can automatically become investor in their wellbeing. So they feel a responsibility to you to keep that relationship going.

            That’s it. Five amazing ways that you can make conversation with almost anyone. Every person is a really good book to read, or to have a conversation with!

            41. A. Just say it
            根據本段中的 It feels like its stuck somewhere, I know the feeling and here is my advice just it out. 可知本段的標題是just say it.
            42. F. Skip the small talk
            根據本段中的so don’t be afraid to ask more personal questions. Trust me, you’ll be surprised to see how much people are willing to share if you just ask. 可知選skip small talks.
            43. E. Find the “me too”s
            根據本段中的第一句When you meet a person for the first time, make an effort to find the things which you and that person have in common so that you can build the conversation that’s can make it so memorable.
            44. B. Be present
            根據本段中的so when someone tries to communicate with you, just be in that communication wholeheartedly. 可知選be present.
            45. D. Name, places, things
            根據本段中so remember the little details of the people you met or you talked with; perhaps the places they have been to the place they want to go, the things they like, the things they hate--- whatever you talk about. 可知選D.

            Section III Translation

            46. Directions:
            Directions: Translate the following text into Chinese. Write your translation on the ANSWER SHEET. (15 points)
            A fifth grader gets a homework assignment to select his future career path from a list of occupations. He ticks “astronaut” but quickly adds “scientist” to the list and selects it as well. The boy is convinced that if he reads enough, he can explore as many career paths as he likes. And so he reads—everything from encyclopedias to science fiction novels. He reads so fervently that his parents have to institute a “no reading policy” at the dinner table.

            That boy was Bill Gates, and he hasn’t stopped reading yet—not even after becoming one of the most successful people on the planet. Nowadays, his reading material has changed from sci-fi and reference books: recently, he revealed that he reads at least 50 nonfiction books a year. Gates choose nonfiction titles because they explain how the world works. “Each books opens up new avenues of knowledge to explore,” Gates says.

            答案:
            一個五年級學生收到一份家庭作業,讓他從一張職業列表上選擇未來的職業道路。他勾了“宇航員”,但很快又在列表上加上了“科學家”,也打了個勾。這個男孩確信,如果他閱讀量夠大,那他可以探索許多他喜歡的職業道路。因此他什么都看,從百科全書到科幻小說,無一不讀。他如此熱衷閱讀,以至于他的父母不得不提出了一條在飯桌上“不得閱讀”的原則。

            這個男孩就是比爾蓋茨,他迄今也沒停止閱讀——甚至在他成為地球上最成功人士之一后也沒有放下閱讀。如今,他的閱讀材料已經從科幻作品切換到工具書。近來,他還透露一年他會閱讀至少50本非虛構作品。蓋茨選擇非小說類紀實作品是因為它們能夠解釋世界的運行規則。“每本書都能打開探索新知識的大門。”蓋茨說道。

            Section IV Writing

            Part A
            47. Directions:
            Suppose you have to cancel your travel plan and will not be able to visit Professor Smith. Write him an email to
            1) apologize and explain the situation, and
            2) suggest a future meeting.
            You should write about 100 words neatly on the ANSWER SHEET.
            Do not use your own name at the end of the email. Use “Li Ming” instead (10 points)

            參考范文:

            Dear Professor,
            Thank you for your generous invitation. Unfortunately, it is much to my regret that I cannot meet you as previously arranged.
            I am fully occupied for an important exam coming the day after tomorrow. It is of great importance to me because it tightly concerned my graduation, I feel terribly sorry for missing the chance of such a happy get-together, and I hope that all of you enjoy a good time. Is it possible for you and me to have a private meeting afterwards? If so, please don't hesitate to drop me a line about your preferable date. I do long for a pleasant and in-depth communication with you.
            Please allow me to say sorry again.
            Yours,
            Li Ming


            Part B
            48. Directions:Write an essay based on the following chart. In your writing you should
            1) interpret the chart, and
            2) give your comments.
            You should write about 150 words on the ANSWER SHEET.(15 points)

            參考范文:
            What is shown in the pie graph above indicates the factors that exert influences on customers’ choice of restaurants. From the chart, we can find that people attach greatest importance to the unique characteristics of a restaurant, occupying 36.3% of all the factors. Environment and services take up the next two largest shares, accounting for 26.3% and 26.8% respectively. Price

            has slipped to the lowest position of only 8.4% when customers choose a restaurant.

            What exactly contributes to these changes? Several reasons can be listed as followed. Development in economy is an essential one in the recent years. The increased income results in the greatly improved living standard; hence, a small percentage of total income is enough to cover the expense of eating outside. Another one is the changes in people’s conception. When food presents no worry to the average, people begin to focus more of their interest on specialties and services of each restaurant. As a result of such a shift, the appearance of the tendency seems to be inevitable.

            Based on the statistics shown and the analysis made above, we can safely come to a conclusion: the tendency will continue to rise for quite a while in the years to come. Time tells. 


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