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            英語資訊
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            2017考研英語:夯實基礎語法

            Source: 恒星英語學習網    2015-12-31  我要投稿   論壇   Favorite  

            隨著2016考研初試的結束,2017年考研黨們將成為考研日歷的主角?佳英語,一直是很多考生的攔路虎,那么就讓我們從現在開始,夯實英語語法基礎,為之后的復習備戰做好準備。

            A. 核心語法
             

            一、非謂語動詞( V+ing, V+ed)

            1、動名詞

            (1)作主語和賓語

            Saying is easier than doing. 說比做容易。

            (2)作介詞賓語

            We get pleasure from loving and being loved. 我們從愛別人和被別人愛中得到快樂。

            2、分詞作定語

            (1)前置

            The beginning student should be given more encouragement. 初學者應多給予鼓勵。

            A balanced diet provides nutrition for your body. 均衡的食物使你的身體獲得營養。

            (2)后置

            Those living on a mountain live off the mountain. 靠山吃山

            Children disciplined when they are young will become good citizen. 小時候受過良好教育的兒童長大會成為好公民。

            3、分詞作狀語

            Hearing the news, they immediately set off for Shanghai. 聽到這個消息,他們立即出發到上海去了。

            Seen from the pagoda, the south foot of the Purple Mountain is a sea of trees. 從這個塔上遠眺,紫金山南麓是樹的海洋。

            Printed white, the house looks bigger. 漆成白色后,這房子像是更大了。

            Having written an important letter, I litsened to the music for a while. 寫完一封重要的信之后,我聽了一會兒音樂。

            Arguing from the view that humans are different from animals in every relevant respect, extremists of this kind think that animals lie outside the area of moral choice. 持極端觀點的人認為,人與動物在各相關方面都不相同,所以對待動物無須考慮道德問題。

            An invisible border divides those arguing for computers in the classroom on the behalf of students career prospects and those arguing for computers in the classroom for broader reasons of radical educational reform. 對于計算機課堂教學,人們在觀點上存在著一條無形的界線:有人認為應從學生的就業前景來考慮這一問題,而另一些人認為應從推行徹底的教育改革方面來更加全面地考慮計算機進入教室這一問題。

            (區別動名詞短語作主語)

            Creating a “European identity” that respects the different cultures and traditions which go to make up the connecting fabric of the Old Continent is no easy task and demands a strategic choice. (2005-49) 創造一種能夠尊重不同文化與傳統的歐洲特色并不是一件很容易的事情,而這些文化傳統將會成為維系歐洲大陸的基礎結構,這需要一種戰略性的選擇。

            4、獨立主格結構

            Mary coming back, they discussed it together. (= When Mary came back…) 瑪麗回來后,他們一起討論了那件事。

            Health and persistence given, one can do great things. (=If health and persistence are given…) 有健康的身體和頑強的毅力的話,一個人能做出偉大的事情。

            The moon having risen, they took a walk in the fields. (= When the moon had risen…) 月亮升起后,他們在田野里散步。

            So much time having been spent, the work is only half done. (=Though so much time has been spent…) 雖然花了這么多時間,這項工作才做了一半。

            But with homework counting for no more than 10% of their grades, students can easily skip half their homework and see very little difference on their report cards. 但是由于作業在成績中所占的比例不超過10%,學生很可能少做一半的作業,而在他們的成績單上也不會有什么差別。


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