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            英語資訊
            News

            簡歷也要“瘦身” :一招讓簡歷簡潔有力

            Source: USNews    2014-10-24  我要投稿   論壇   Favorite  

            How long should your résumé be? It’s a long-standing debate among recruiters, but there is one thing they agree on: it needs to be relevant. This is true whether you're just out of school or have worked for 20 years, and it means your résumé needs to be concise and tailored to that job.

            你的簡歷到底應該寫多長?這是招聘人員一直在爭論的問題,但有一點是大家公認的:簡歷要與申請的職位緊密相關。無論你是剛畢業還是已經工作了20年,這一點都適用,它的意思是你的簡歷必須簡練并且只和申請的工作相關。

            Recruiters won't read a full bulleted list of your duties and everything you did at every job. They only want to read what in your background is applicable to the particular job and/or company to which you’re applying. So your task is to make the information easily available.

            招聘人員不會讀完所有你列出的工作職責和過往工作經歷。他們只會瀏覽你的背景中適合所申請的職位或公司的部分。所以你的任務就是讓他們能輕易找到這些信息。

            If you’ve just graduated from college or even graduate school immediately following college, it won’t be hard to keep your résumé to one page. Even if you already have a one- or two-page résumé, there are probably things you can remove that don't relate to your current job application. The great news is that LinkedIn or a personal website can be used as a space to put all that extra information. Think of it as the curriculum vitae (CV) version of your résumé – it can be as long as it needs to be.

            如果你剛剛大學畢業或是研究生畢業,那么想要簡歷只有一張紙并不難。即使你的簡歷有一頁甚至兩頁紙,那也肯定有一些和你申請的工作無關的內容可以刪掉。好消息是像領英或其他個人網站可以用來儲存那些不相干的個人信息。把個人主頁當成詳細版的簡歷——想寫多長寫多長。

            一招讓簡歷簡潔有力

            What to Keep on Your Résumé

            簡歷上應該寫什么

            Career summary. Summarize your work experience and skills at the top, but apply it to the job of interest: What do you have that the employer is looking for?

            職業生涯總結-將工作經歷和技能寫在簡歷頂端,但是只保留和目標工作相關的部分:也就是雇主需要的工作經歷和技能。

            Bullets. Try not to get hung up on making your résumé only one or two pages to please recruiters and start deleting things without careful consideration. Your goal is to get the recruiter to read. How can you do that? Make it pertinent, in other words, make it worth their time. Answer what they're asking; think of the job description as a questionnaire – what on the description can you answer with a solid “yes, I’ve done that” or a “I’ve done some of that?" Those are the items that you keep on the résumé you’re sending.

            列點。不要為了討好招聘人員把簡歷縮短到一兩頁就開始不經考慮的刪除內容。你的目的是讓他們看你的簡歷。如何做到呢?只寫相關內容,換句話說,就是讓他們覺得看簡歷的時間沒有白費;卮鹚麄儐柕膯栴}:將職位描述看成問卷——職位描述中有哪些要求你可以用“完全滿足“或“有過這個經歷”或“有部分經驗”來回答。這是你在簡歷上要寫的東西。

            Education. If you graduated more than five years ago, you don’t need to include years of study. You do need to list your degree(s), school name(s) and location(s).

            教育背景。如果你已經畢業5年了,你沒必要把學生時代的經歷寫進簡歷。但是學歷,畢業院校及其所在地是必須要寫的。

            Awards. Recognition is something that’s quite important to note, so in most cases, you’ll want to leave this on your résumé.

            獲獎經歷。獲獎經歷是非常重要的一項,大多情況下,簡歷上都要有。

            While it’s true that one person may have several pages of relevant information for the job, and another may have only one page of pertinent background, it’s worth taking a closer look to see if there are things taking up valuable space. If a recruiter sees a lot of details that don't pertain to the job, you're likely to lose her attention.

            當然有一些人和工作相關的經歷就能寫好幾頁紙,但另一些人相關背景只能寫一頁,仔細檢查是否每一部分內容值得寫進簡歷是值得的。如果招聘人員看到很多和工作不想關的細節,他的注意力就不會放在你身上了。

             

            What to Consider Taking Off

            哪些內容可以考慮刪去

            Community activities. If you’re changing industries and you’ve done volunteer work in the one you’re transitioning to, it’s good to include that. However, if the volunteer work is unrelated to the job you’re pursuing and your document is more than two pages, strike this and include it in your LinkedIn profile instead. You could bring it up during small talk at an interview, too.

            社區活動。如果你換了工作領域,但曾經在你申請的工作領域做過志愿工作,這部分是可以保留的。但是如果志愿工作和申請的工作無關而且簡歷已經超過兩頁了,刪去這部分然后把它寫進領英網站的個人資料中。你也可以在面試環節提到這次經歷。

            Coursework. Again, if you’re transitioning into a new field or fresh out of school, it’s good to include relevant coursework. There is no reason to include this information if you’ve been working for a while and you're not making a significant career change.

            課程作業。同樣,如果你更換了工作領域或剛剛畢業,相關的課程作業可以寫進簡歷。但如果你已經有工作經歷而且并不打算跨行業工作的話,就沒必要寫課程作業了。

            Skills. There are many skills out there from language to technical. Are your particular skills related to the job? If so, are they already reflected in an earlier part of your résumé? If the answer to the first question is no, you don’t need to include them.

            技能。技能有很多種,從語言到專業技術。你的某項技能是否和工作相關呢?如果是,那么它們是否已經在之前提到了呢?如果對于第一個問題的回答是否定的,那就不用寫了。

            Hobbies. These make great talking points and may produce chemistry with a hiring manager. However, it takes up critical space.

            愛好。這部分可以成為很好的談資,甚至會和雇主產生奇妙的化學反應。但是,篇幅很重要。

            Many other countries and certain industries in the U.S. use a curriculum vitae (CV) instead of a résumé. These are generally much longer and cover more personal data. You can find samples online if you’ve been asked to write one.

            其他國家和美國一些工作領域會使用個人履歷而不是簡歷。個人履歷比簡歷要長得多,而且涵蓋更多的個人資料。你可以在網上找到模板。

             

            What to Save for LinkedIn

            哪些內容可以寫在領英網站上

            Your LinkedIn profile should have the information in your résumé plus additional material. In other words, it’s the full generic data sheet on you and you can include as much information as you wish.

            你的領英資料應該包括簡歷和其他附加材料。換句話說,它包含你所有的基本資料,你想寫多少信息就可以寫多少。

            In addition to including community activities, coursework, skills, volunteer work and hobbies, you can insert causes that you care about, professional development activities and affiliations. You can include presentations, publications and other knowledge that you possess. This is a good place to go beyond your professional self to show what you do outside of work; just don’t get too personal.

            除了社區活動,課程作業,技能,志愿工作和愛好,你可以寫自己關注的事業,職業發展活動和隸屬關系。你可以上傳演講、出版書籍和其他你擁有的知識。這是一個展示工作之外的自己的絕佳平臺;只是不要人身攻擊。

            Nowadays, the send-one-résumé-to-all approach doesn't work. Each résumé should be relevant to the job to which you’re applying, which means extra work on your part to ensure the right pieces are there. It’s not a question of “should my résumé be one page?” but “is my résumé relevant enough to the job so that the recruiter will read it and consider me as a serious candidate?”

            現今,一份簡歷同時發給多家公司是行不通的。每份簡歷都要和申請的工作密切相關,所以為了確保每家公司拿到正確的簡歷,你要多干些活了。這不是“我的簡歷是否應該在一頁紙內?”的問題,而是“我的簡歷是否和所申請的工作相關以至于招聘人員能看到我的簡歷并把我列為重要候選人?”


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