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            英語資訊
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            新概念英語第三冊課文和筆記第54課:Instinct or cleverness?

            Source: 恒星英語學習網    2014-06-07  我要投稿   論壇   Favorite  

            § Lesson 54 Instinct or cleverness? 是本能還是機智

            【New words and expressions】 生詞和短語
            ●insect n. 昆蟲
            ●wage v. 進行(斗爭)
            ●contaminate v. 弄臟
            ●provocation n. 惹怒
            ●spider n. 蜘蛛
            ●wasp n. 黃蜂
            ●moth n. 飛蛾
            ●ant n. 螞蟻
            ●revulsion n. 厭惡
            ●horde n. 群
            ●uncanny adj. 神秘的,不可思議的
            ●erase v. 擦,抹去
            ●praying mantis 螳螂
            ●entranced adj. 出神的
            ●beetle n. 甲蟲
            ●sheltered adj. 傷不著的,無危險的
            ●luscious adj. 甘美的
            ●cluster n. 一簇
            ●aphid n. 蚜蟲
            ●underside n. 底面,下側
            ●colony n. 一群
            ●sticky adj. 粘的
            ●scurry v. 小步跑
            ●swarm v. 聚集
            ●ingenuity n. 機靈

            ◆insect n. 昆蟲
            ◆wage v. 進行(斗爭)
            wage: begin and continue a struggle
            wage a war against / on
            Eg: life means perpetual struggle against poverty.
            carry on
            undertake to do 著手
            Eg: He undertook to inform people concerned.
            engage in / be engaged in / be determined on sth. / be dedicated to sth. / be devoted to sth.

            ◆◆◆contaminate v. 弄臟
            contaminate / pollute
            contaminate: make dirty or bad or impure by mixing with dirty or poisonous matter.
            Eg: Don’t eat the apple. It has been contaminated by flies.
            Never eat food contaminated by flies.
            Don’t read the hot story just because it will contaminate your mind. 別閱讀黃色書刊。
            hot story 色情小說 blue movie 色情電影

            pollute
            Eg: The air has been polluted severely / terribly / badly.
            pollution / polluted
            tint vt. 弄臟(通常指壞因素對你的影響)
            Eg: Don’t read the hot story just because it will contaminate / tint your mind.
            His reputation was tinted by the scandal. 他的名聲被丑聞沾污了。
            scandal 丑聞
            foul : 弄臟 make sth. dirty
            Eg: Dogs are forbidden to go into the streets because we are afraid the streets will be fouled.
            The factory is responsible for fouling up the air. (相當于pollute)
            foul up == pollute
            defile 弄臟,污染 make sth. impure
            Eg: I like honey, but I don’t want to drink the honey defiled by flies.
            poison / foul up / pollute
            Eg: Gases from cars are poisoning the air of our city.
            Read: pollute / foul up / poison / contaminate / defile / tint
            Eg: He is contaminated / tinted by hot stories.
            Hot stories contaminate / tint his mind.

            ◆provocation n. 惹怒
            provoke v.
            1. make angry or bad-tempered
            Eg: He was provoked beyond his endurance.
            He was provoked and it was more than he could endure.
            2. cause 引起,導致,激起
            arouse
            Eg: The book arouses / provokes my interest.
            bring about / result in / lead to / give rise to
            provoke sb’s interest in sth.
            provoke sb, to do / provoke sb. into doing / cause sb. to do sth.
            Eg: You provoked him to say so. Why?

            L54-01 end 18’53”

            L54-02 begin 18’48”

            Eg: His provocation is beyond my endurance.

            ◆spider n. 蜘蛛
            ◆wasp n. 黃蜂
            ◆moth n. 飛蛾
            ◆ant n. 螞蟻
            ◆revulsion n. 厭惡
            disgust / dislike

            ◆horde n. 群
            ◆uncanny adj. 神秘的,不可思議的
            mysterious
            Eg: They are leading a mysterious life.
            In spite of this, he survived mysteriously.
            eerie 怪誕的,奇異的
            Eg: He looks eerie. / What he said is eerie to me.
            weird 怪異的,怪誕的,神秘的 (行為舉止讓人摸不著頭尾)
            Eg: I can’t get along well with him because he is a weird person.
            Why do you decide to many such a weird person?
            cryptic 神秘的,鬼鬼崽崽的
            Eg: Why did you do such a little thing in a cryptic way.

            Read: eerie / weird / cryptic / mysterious / uncanny


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